Maghi Purnima, also known as Magha Purnima, is known to be a full moon day that occurs during the Hindu calendar month of Magh. During this period, the auspicious Kumbh Mela takes place every twelve years and the Magha Mela takes place every year at the confluence of three rivers or Triveni Sangam all around northern India such as in cities like Allahabad or Prayag.
Magh mela, également orthographié Magha mela, est un festival annuel avec des foires organisées au mois de Magha (janvier/February) près des berges des rivières et des réservoirs sacrés près des temples hindous. Environ tous les douze ans, Magha melas coïncide avec ce que les fidèles considèrent comme une position astrologiquement propice de Jupiter, du soleil et de la lune, et ceux-ci sont appelés Kumbh Mela. Le festival Magha, ainsi que les rituels du bain comme forme de pénitence, sont également observés par la communauté hindoue de Bali, en Indonésie.
Certain dates such as Amavasya and Makar Sankranti are considered especially sacred, attracting a larger congregation. The festival is marked by ritual bathing in the waters, but it is also a celebration of communal commerce with fairs, education, religious discourses by saints, dāna and communal meals for monks and the poor, and entertainment shows.
The religious basis of the Magh Mela is the belief that pilgrimage is a means of prāyaścitta (atonement, penance) for past mistakes, effort purifies them from sins, and that bathing in sacred rivers on these festivals has saving value , moksha – a means to liberation from the cycle of rebirth (samsara).
The Magha Mela festival is mentioned in the Mahabharata and many major Puranas. The Magh Mela is one of the river festivals that follow Jupiter's transition through various signs of the zodiac. These river festivals – called Pushkaram (or Pushkaralu) – revolve throughout the year at the ghats and temples along India's major rivers, each worshiped as a sacred river goddess. They include ritual bathing as well as prayers to ancestors, religious discourses, devotional music and song, charity, cultural programs and fairs.
In Sikhism, the Magha mela – along with Diwali and Vaisakhi – were three festivals recognized by Guru Amar Das who urged Sikhs to come together for a communal festival (1552-1574). It is popularly known as Maghi, and it now marks the memory of the forty martyrs in a Muslim-Sikh war (1705) during the time of Guru Gobind Singh.
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Aujourd’hui, les indiens fêtent la plein lune de Magh. Un rituel de purification dans un des fleuves sacrés purifie des péchés. Tous les douze ans a lieu une des fêtes indiennes religieuses les plus importantes Kumbh Mela. #mythologie #mythe #legend #calendrier #magh#kumbh