Tatiana's Day, also known as Tatiana's Day or Student's Day, is named after Saint Tatiana, a Christian martyr from 3rd-century Rome during the reign of Emperor Alexander Severus. It is also the name day for the name Tatiana. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the feast of Saint Tatiana on the 12 January Julian, which corresponds to Gregorian January 25 in the 20th and 21st centuries.
According to legend, she was the daughter of a Roman official who was secretly a Christian, and raised her daughter in the faith. It was dangerous, and one day the jurist Ulpian captured Tatiana and tried to force her to make a sacrifice to Apollo. She prayed and miraculously an earthquake destroyed the statue of Apollo and part of the temple.
Tatiana was then blinded and beaten for two days, before being taken to a circus and thrown into the pit with a hungry lion. But the lion did not touch her and lay down at her feet. This resulted in a death sentence, and after being tortured, Tatiana was beheaded with a sword on January 12, around AD 225 or 230.
On January 12, 1755 Julian (January 23, 1755 Gregorian), Empress Elisabeth of Russia signed a decree for the establishment of the first Russian university, which was built in Moscow and placed under the supervision of the first Russian Minister of Education Ivan Shuvalov. In 1791, the Church of Saint Tatiana was built on the university campus and the Russian Orthodox Church declared Saint Tatiana the patroness of students.
Tatiana Day is now celebrated as Students' Day in the countries of the former Russian Empire. The day begins with a traditional service held at the University Church followed by speeches and awards. Later in the day, many students organize or attend parties and public events.
Tatiana's Day also coincides with the end of the first term of the traditional academic year for Russian and Ukrainian students, so the holiday also functions as a day of celebration for the completion of final exams.
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Today, Russian people celebrate Saint Tatiana. Protector of students, this festival also marks the end of the first semester and the beginning of winter holidays. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #25January #russia #saintetatiana #tatiana