Dans l’ancienne religion romaine, la Matronalia (ou Matronales Feriae) était une fête célébrant Junon Lucina, la déesse de l’accouchement (« Junon qui met les enfants à la lumière »), et de la maternité (mater est « mère » en latin) et des femmes en général. Dans le calendrier romain original, traditionnellement considéré comme établi par Romulus, c’était le premier jour de l’année. Comme le premier jour de March (Martius), le mois de Mars, c’était aussi la Feriae Martis.


Matronalia, feast of Juno Lucina

The date of the festival was associated with the dedication of a temple to Juno Lucina on the Esquiline Hill around 268 BCE, and possibly also a commemoration of peace between the Romans and the Sabines. By day, women participated in rituals at the temple, although details have not been preserved other than the observation that they wore their hair loose (while Roman decorum otherwise required them to wear it), and n were not allowed to wear belts or tie their clothes anywhere.

At home, women received gifts from their husbands and daughters, and Roman husbands had to offer prayers for their wives. Women also had to prepare a meal for household slaves (who had the day off), as Roman men did at Saturnalia.

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On this day, the Romans celebrated the Matronalia. This Mother's Day also covered the birth of Rome and Spring. On this day in March, the god participated in a work of peace to recall the reconciliation between the Sabines and the Romans. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 1 #rome #matronalia

Matronalia Matronalia