Apache-Navajo mythology

Apache-Navajo mythology

The mythology Apache-Navajo includes the following Native American peoples: Apache, Lipans, Mescaleros, Jicarillas Llaneros, Jicarillas Oleros, Chiricahuas,  Navajo, Navahos.

Apache (of apachu, "Enemy" in the Zuñi language) is a generic name given to various Native American tribes of North America living in the southwestern United States and the northern Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora, forming the territory of the Apacheria and sharing the same southern Athapaskan language (close to the northern Athapaskan languages spoken by the Natives of Alaska and western Canada). The Navajo speak a very similar language and share the same culture, so they are often considered Apaches.

Coming from southern Canada at an undetermined date (between 1200 and 1500 AD), the Apaches first lived in the plains of Kansas, Nebraska and eastern Colorado where they met Spanish explorers in the 16th century.e century. Subsequently, they were driven south-west by the Comanches and Kiowas. Only the Plains Apaches remained in Oklahoma as their allies and vassals.

Thus the Lipans of Texas, the Mescaleros and the Jicarillas Llaneros hunted bison and were strongly influenced by the culture of the Plains. The Jicarillas Oleros had adopted a way of life similar to that of the Pueblos, practicing agriculture, making pottery and living in villages made up of rectangular adobe houses. The Chiricahuas and the Apaches of the West were nomads living from hunting and gathering, sometimes from subsistence agriculture.

The Navajo Where Navahos constitute a Native American people of North America of the Athapaskan linguistic family and the Southwestern Cultural Zone. The Navajo live in the United States, on reservations in northeastern Arizona and adjoining areas of New Mexico and Utah. They are closely related to the Apaches.

Apache-Navajo mythology

Apache-Navajo mythology (texts)