Elamite mythology

Elam is an ancient country occupying the southwestern part of the plateau Iranian, around the current provinces of Khuzestan and Fars, which correspond to its two main regions, that of Susa and that of Anshan/Anzan. Its myths and legends form the mythology Elamite The Elamite country, attested by texts ranging from the end of the IVe millennium av. AD to Ier millennium apr. AD, covered different geographic and political realities during its long history.

It was sometimes divided into several political entities, especially until the IIIe millennium av. AD, but also several times thereafter, and it knew on the other hand phases of unification, under the impulse of powerful dynasties (in particular the Sukkalmah, Igehalkides, Shutrukids), especially in IIe millennium av. AD From Ier millennium av. AD, Elam is reduced to its western part, around Susiana, the eastern part being occupied by the Persians, who gave it the name it has kept since (Persia / Fars).

The Elamite country lost its political autonomy after its fight against Assyria and its conquest by the Persians, even if it seems to have relived several centuries later, through the kingdom of Elymaid. Survivors of this ancient country and its people seem still attested until the beginning of the IIe millennium apr. J.-C.

The history of Elam is difficult to dissociate from that of neighboring Mesopotamia, which exerted a strong influence on these territories. Mesopotamian sources are essential for rediscovering Elamite civilization, supplemented by those from sites in the region, above all from Susa.

They reveal a set of heterogeneous regions with cultural originalities (perceptible in religious worship and art), but many aspects remain obscure in the current state of scientific knowledge (for example political organization, activities of production, mythology).

elamite elam mythology

Books on Persian-Caucasian mythology