Dahomean-Fon mythology

The Mythology Dahoméenne-Fon regroupe les mythes et legends des peuples, royaumes et religions d’Afrique Centrale suivants : Dahomean religion, Kingdom of Dahomey, Fons, Kingdom of Abomey, Vodoun

The Dahomean religion était pratiquée par le peuple Fon du royaume du Dahomey. Le royaume a existé jusqu’en 1898, dans ce qui est aujourd’hui la république du Benign

the kingdom of dahomey - or Danhomè in the Fon language - is an ancient African kingdom located in the southwest of present-day Benin between the xviie century and the end of the nineteenthe century. Danhomè developed on the Abomey plateau in the early 1600s and became a regional power in the 18th century.e century by conquering key cities on the Atlantic coast, in particular the port of Ouidah. 

According to local traditions, populations of Yoruba origin have left in xvie century the Ketou region in Yorouba country (west and south of Nigeria, east of Benin) to settle in Tado, near the Mono river. Two groups are formed there: The Ewe (or Ehvé) who move towards the west (present-day Togo) and the Fons (Dauma or Dahoméens) who settle in the east.

The Ewe (or Ehve) create Nuatja. But the advent of an authoritarian power pushes towards 1700-1750 the ethnic group to be divided into three groups: the Ehvés, the Anlos (or Anglo) to the east of the Volta (river towards the Gulf of Guinea) and the Ouatchis. They settle in the regions where they live today and form chiefdoms or republics directed by councils of wise men.

The Fons, for their part, founded three kingdoms. Around 1600, they founded Allada (kingdom of Ardres or Adra). Then wars of succession lead to the formation of two other kingdoms: Abomey and Adjatché (Porto Novo).

The kingdom of Abomey, later renamed 'Dahomey', probably by poor European transcription, quickly gained the upper hand during wars of conquest against its neighbors and the Yoruba.

Dahomean-Fon mythology

Dahomean-Fon mythology (texts)