Palaitan mythology

The mythology Palaita describes the myths, legends and religion of the Palaite people (Pala in English).

Palaitan mythology

Pala was a Bronze Age country in northern Anatolia. Nothing more is known about Pala than his mother tongue, which is the Palaic language (palaumnili), and his religion of origin. The only known person of Palaic descent is a ritual priestess Anna.

The country of Pala can be located in the Black Sea region. There are two possibilities where Pala could have been in this region. The first possibility is the country known as Paphlagonia in classical antiquity. The second possibility is the territory called Blaene in antiquity (located in Paphlagonia).

Palaitan mythology (texts)

In the old period Hittite, Pala was mentioned as an administrative area under Hittite jurisdiction in the laws Hittites. At the end of the Old Hittite period, contact between the Hittites and Pala ceased due to the capture of the Black Sea region by the Kaskian people. It is likely that the Palaic peoples disappeared with the Kaskan invasion.

Palaic mythology is known from cuneiform ritual texts from the temple of the Palaic storm god in the Hittite capital Ḫattuša where the worship of Palaic deities continued even when contact between the Hittites and Pala had died out. The following deities are known:

Last nameGenderIdentificationOther names
ZiparwagodMajor god, god of lightningZaparwa, name Hatti
KataḫzipurigoddessZaparwa's wifeKataḫziwuri, name Hatti
Tiyazgodsun godTiyadh
GulzannikesgoddessGoddess of fateGulzikannikes
ḪašamiligodḪašammili, name Hatti >
Kamamagod Kammamma
Hearthdivinityhousehold deity 
Šaušḫalladivinity Šaušḫilla
Ḫilanzipadivinity Ḫilašši
Ilaliyantikešdeities Ilaliyant