Circassian mythology

The Adygues Where Circassians or Circassians, are a people of the northwest Caucasus. their myths and legends are gathered in the mythology circus.

The Adyguans emerged around the Xe century, as a linguistic and cultural entity that was never politically united. Their lack of unity reduced their influence in the region and their ability to fight off the frequent raids of the Huns, Avars, Alans, Pechenegs, Cumans, Khazars and Mongols. From the XVIe century they passed under Ottoman protectorate but preserved their autonomy, their local customs and their social structure in clans (tlapq).

This lack of unity will cost the Adyguans their independence; their territory will gradually be transferred to the Cossacks of the Russian Empire as a reward for their support for Catherine II (1764-1775), as part of the clashes with the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 18th century.e century and during the first half of the XIXe century.

After the Crimean War, the Russians attacked the Chechens and Ingushes and then subjugated Imam Shamil in the eastern Caucasus in 1859, after which they set out, in 1864, to pacify the Adygues as the Western newspapers wrote: it was, in fact, to sedentarize them by force, to confiscate their herds and their lands for the benefit of the Russian colonists and to expel to the Ottoman Empire, to deport in Central Asia or to massacre the recalcitrant and rebellious.

May 21, 1864 is the date chosen by the Adygueans (or Circassians) to commemorate, throughout the world, the tragic anniversary of their expulsion from the Caucasus by the Russians, mainly concerning the Circassian peoples (Adygueans), the Oubykhs, the Abkhazians. , exile which will begin in 1864 and which will end mainly in 1867.

circassian mythology narte

Books on Persian-Caucasian mythology