Many early Christian martyrs were named Valentine. The Valentines honored on February 14 are Valentine of Rome and Valentine of Terni.
Valentine of Rome was a priest in Rome who was martyred in 269 and added to the calendar of saints by Pope Gelasius I in 496 and was buried on the Via Flaminia. Saint Valentine's relics have been kept in the church and catacombs of San Valentino in Rome. The skull crowned with flowers of Saint Valentine is on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
Valentine of Terni became bishop of Interamna and is said to have been martyred during the persecution under Emperor Aurelian in 273. He is buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location from Valentine of Rome. His relics are in the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni (Basilica di San Valentino).
The writings suggest that Saint Valentine performed clandestine Christian marriages for soldiers who were forbidden to marry. Roman Emperor Claudius II reportedly forbade this in order to grow his army, believing that married men did not make good soldiers.
However, historian George Monger writes that this ban on marriage was never issued and that Claudius II told his soldiers to take two or three wives for themselves after his victory over the Goths.
According to legend, in order to "remind these men of their vows and the love of God, Saint Valentine would have cut hearts from parchment", would have given them to these soldiers and persecuted Christians, a possible origin of the widespread use of hearts on Saint Valentine's Day. Valentine.
Saint Valentine supposedly wore a purple amethyst ring, usually worn on the hands of Christian bishops with an engraved image of Cupid, a recognizable symbol associated with love that was legal under the Roman Empire.
Roman soldiers would recognize the ring and ask her to marry for them. Probably due to the association with Valentine's Day, amethyst became the birthstone for February, believed to attract love.
The first description of February 14 as an annual celebration of love appears in the Charter of the Court of Love. The charter, purportedly issued by Charles VI of France at Mantes-la-Jolie in 1400, describes lavish festivities attended by several members of the royal court, including a feast, love singing and poetry contests, jousting and dancing. .
In the midst of these festivities, the ladies present would hear and settle the lovers' disputes. No other court records exist, and none of those named in the charter were present at Mantes, except for Charles' queen, Isabeau of Bavaria, who may have thought it all up while waiting for the plague. .
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Today, Christians celebrate Valentine's Day. Marrying Roman soldiers under Claudius II, the heart, ring and amethyst symbols have endured to the present day. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #Valentine's Day #14February